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The related main theme: A. Stroke and Cerebral vascular disorders

FAST與Stroke-112的衛教口訣成效比較: 一個隨機對照試驗

Comparison of FAST and Stroke-112: A Randomized Study

Authers:

蔡羿德, MD 1 , 
Yi Te  Tsai, MD 1 , 
1 台大醫院雲林分院神經部
2 台大醫院雲林分院護理部
3 台大醫院神經部
1 Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, Yunlin, Taiwan
2 Department of Nursing, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, Yunlin, Taiwan
3 Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Corresponding Author:

張楷杰
Kai Chieh  Chang , MD
台大醫院雲林分院神經部
Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, Yunlin, Taiwan

keywords: FAST, stroke-112, stroke educational campaign, health education
Abstract for original article

OBJECTIVES /BACKGROUND:
FAST and Stroke-112 are two campaigns to reduce the emergency room arrival time of stroke patients. No study has evaluated the effectiveness of these campaigns. This study aimed to compare recalling capacity of people in these two campaigns.

MATERIAL and METHOD:
A prospective, open-label randomized study was conducted in 2019. Recall ability for the items of the two campaigns on the 5th and 30th days post-education was compared using Pearson's chi-squared test. Subject characteristics including age, education level, presence of stroke in co-residents, and habitual language were evaluated using multiple linear regression.

RESULT:
395 people were recruited and randomly assigned to either the FAST (n = 202) or Stroke-112 group (n = 193). No differences were observed between the two groups in recall ability, either on day 5 or day 30 after receiving education. The recall ability was negatively correlated to male sex and positively correlated to education level on day 30 only in Stroke-112 campaign.

DISCUSSION:
We found no difference in recall ability between the 2 campaigns. Long-term memory of stroke-112 may be influenced by sex and education level.


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