Comparison of FAST and Stroke-112: A Randomized Study
Yi Te Tsai, MD 1 ,
1 Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, Yunlin, Taiwan
2 Department of Nursing, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, Yunlin, Taiwan
3 Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Kai Chieh Chang , MD
Department of Neurology, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, Yunlin, Taiwan
FAST and Stroke-112 are two campaigns to reduce the emergency room arrival time of stroke patients. No study has evaluated the effectiveness of these campaigns. This study aimed to compare recalling capacity of people in these two campaigns.
MATERIAL and METHOD:
A prospective, open-label randomized study was conducted in 2019. Recall ability for the items of the two campaigns on the 5th and 30th days post-education was compared using Pearson's chi-squared test. Subject characteristics including age, education level, presence of stroke in co-residents, and habitual language were evaluated using multiple linear regression.
395 people were recruited and randomly assigned to either the FAST (n = 202) or Stroke-112 group (n = 193). No differences were observed between the two groups in recall ability, either on day 5 or day 30 after receiving education. The recall ability was negatively correlated to male sex and positively correlated to education level on day 30 only in Stroke-112 campaign.
We found no difference in recall ability between the 2 campaigns. Long-term memory of stroke-112 may be influenced by sex and education level.